High-Energy Physics

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[total of 1412 papers, 581 with fulltext]
[1]  faKiv:2104.07215 [pdf]
Noncommutativity between the spin-two and the spin-three fields
Comments: 8 pages, 3 figures

In this paper we study the noncommutativity between the spin-two and the spin-three fields using the K\"ahler formula and analyze the effects of noncommutativity inside the spin-two and spin-three fields. We find that the noncommutativity between the spin-two and the spin-three fields is neither coherent nor chaotic, and it is a consequence of the noncommutativity between the spin-two and the spin-three fields. And the noncommutativity between the spin-two and the spin-three fields is a consequence of noncommutativity between the spin-two and spin-three fields.

[2]  faKiv:2104.07228 [pdf]
On the non-perturbative approach to picture formation in QED with a constant mass
Comments: 33 pages, 17 figures

In the absence of a constant mass of a scalar field, a picture formation process with a scalar field is known to occur in the QED with a constant mass. The picture formation process in the QED with a constant mass is characterized by the production of a continuous series of discrete points that are spatially separated but are connected by the same surface. The picture formation process in the QED with a constant mass is characterized by the production of the continuous series of discrete points that are spatially separated but are connected by the same surface. The picture formation process is account- able for by a local scalar field in the QED with a constant mass. The picture formation process is quantum in the QED with a constant mass and the scalar field produces a non-perturbative term in the picture formation constant. The non-perturbative scalar field term produces a non-perturbative term in the picture formation constant. The non-perturbative scalar field term converts to the scalar field and the scalar field produces a non-perturbative term in the picture formation constant. The picture formation constant is proportional to the scalar field and the scalar field produces a non-perturbative term in the picture formation constant.

[3]  faKiv:2104.07247 [pdf]
Unruh-DeWitt detectors and the holographic effects
Comments: 29 pages, 14 figures

We study Unruh-DeWitt (undated) detectors in the presence of quantum gravity in two dimensions. We consider both the standard theory and the relativistic theory. The theory is in the elliptic genus, and the theory of dimensions is in the Euclidean genus. The detectors are connected by a thin ring of detectors in the relativistic theory. The detector-field states are in the Einstein genus, and the modes of the field states are in the Einstein genus. The quantum fluctuations of these fields are measured at the detector-field region. The quantum effects on the detector-field states are estimated using the Friedmann method. The results confirm the presence of a non-perturbative effect with the Unruh-DeWitt detectors.

[4]  faKiv:2104.07292 [pdf]
Non-perturbative construction of the electromagnetic wave energy density
Comments: 23 pages, 6 figures

We construct the electromagnetic wave energy density in the presence of a background electromagnetic field and a non-perturbative parameter $\alpha$. The energy density is obtained using the method of the "homogeneous" geometric method, which is inspired by the computations of the polarizabilities of the AdS/CFT correspondence. The relativistic detection of the background wave energy density is performed from the positive-dimension limit of the Lorenz gauge theory, and the energy density is computed using the method of the "homogeneous" gauge theory. We show that the energy density is conversely the energy density obtained by the indefinite-dimension method when the background wave energy density is taken into account, and that the energy density is the inverse of the radiation energy density in the propagation phase at the quantum level. The result is that the energy density is a product of two quantities, which are the energy density of the wave mode and the energy density in the propagation phase.

[5]  faKiv:2104.07467 [pdf]
Rotating McKeldysh-Murray cosmologies: the geometrical interpretation of the geodesics and the axial symmetry in the presence of a cosmological constant
Comments: 39 pages, 8 figures, LaTeX2e. v4: references and references added, minor corrections

We investigate the geometrical interpretation of the geodesics and the axial symmetry in the presence of a cosmological constant. Most theories with cosmological constant in the presence of a cosmological constant have a geometrical interpretation similar to that of the geometrical interpretation of a cosmological constant in the absence of a cosmological constant. In the present article, we show that in the presence of a cosmological constant, the geometrical interpretation of the axial symmetry is the same as that in the absence of a cosmological constant. This is in agreement with past results of recent theoretical investigations of the geodesics of a cosmological constant. Moreover, we show that in the presence of a cosmological constant, the geometrical interpretation of the geodesics of a cosmological constant is the same as that in the absence of a cosmological constant. We also demonstrate that in the presence of a cosmological constant, the geometrical interpretation of the axial symmetry is the same as that in the absence of a cosmological constant. A serious consideration is needed for the geometrical interpretation of the axial symmetry, as it is a feature of the geodesics of the axial symmetry.

[6]  faKiv:2104.07532 [pdf]
Quantum gravity-induced temperature dependence and the quantum thermodynamics
Comments:

In this paper, we study the thermodynamic properties of a particle in quantum gravity. Using the assumption that the temperature-gradient relation is the same as the thermodynamic one of the thermodynamics, we study the thermodynamics of the particle in quantum gravity. In order to do so, we calculate the quantum thermodynamics of the particle. We find that the quantum thermodynamics becomes stronger when the temperature-gradient relation is the same as the thermodynamics.

[7]  faKiv:2104.07569 [pdf]
Quasi-local field theories with states that are non-local
Comments: 17 pages, 3 figures

We consider a class of states which are non-local and we show that they are stable under the non-local quench. The result is shown to be valid in the absence of any local quench and also reveals its relation to the known results for the non-local quench.

[8]  faKiv:2104.07607 [pdf]
The cosmology of the black hole and its effects on the thermodynamics
Comments: 8 pages, 7 figures, 9 tables

We study the cosmology of an expanding compact black hole using the thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild black hole. In particular, we find that the black hole is thermodynamically inhomogeneous and the energy-momentum tensor is controlled by the thermodynamics of the compact black hole. As a consequence, the black hole can be viewed as a thermodynamic black hole in the Schwarzschild black hole in the presence of non-thermal radiation. We compute the integral of the energy-momentum tensor of the black hole in the presence of non-thermal radiation and find that the result is -0.27. This result indicates that the black hole is the simplest thermodynamic black hole.

[9]  faKiv:2104.07640 [pdf]
The two-point function of a set of hypermultiplets in AdS$_4$
Comments: 32 pages, 12 figures

Hypermultiplets are non-perturbative building blocks of the AdS$_4$ model. We introduce a class of hypermultiplets whose behaviour is determined by their Cartan properties. We first discuss the cases where the hypermultiplets are themselves complete hypermultiplets and then show that the case of hypermultiplets with two hypermultiplets is analogous to the case of hypermultiplets with two hypermultiplets of the same type. As a demonstration we prove that the setting in which the Hypermultiplets are constructed is a Cauchy set. We also prove that the two-way function of the two-point function of the two-point function of the hypermultiplets in the AdS$_4$ case is inversely proportional to $h_2/h_4$. This generalizes the previous result for the class of hypermultiplets. We also propose a class of hypermultiplets whose behaviour is determined by their Cartan properties. We first discuss the cases where the hypermultiplets are themselves complete hypermultiplets and then show that the case of hypermultiplets with two hypermultiplets is analogous to the case of hypermultiplets with two hypermultiplets of the same type.

[10]  faKiv:2104.07649 [pdf]
A new design for thermalised fermionic fields in the context of the quantum field theory
Comments: 16 pages, 1 figure, v2:references added, minor changes, reference added

The fermionic field theory has recently been developed to describe fermionic fields in the presence of an external magnetic field. Based on this design, we propose a novel approach for deriving the thermalised fermionic fields. We consider a $N_f$ quantum field theory with a localized fermionic field. The theory is coupled to a gauge field of the same type as the fermionic field theory. We derive the thermalised fermionic fields by the standard thermalization procedure. We also discuss an application to the quantum field theory of the fermionic field theory.

[11]  faKiv:2104.07733 [pdf]
On the Leibnitzian identity between three-dimensional $\mathcal{N}=1$ QFTs
Comments: 24 pages, 7 figures

We study the Leibnitzian identity between three-dimensional $\mathcal{N}=1$ QFTs in the presence of a particular charge and element of the gauge group. In particular, we give a simple and explicit expression for the Leibnitzian identity for the $1/2$-charge $g$ at four points and compute its Leibnitzian identity for the $1/2$-charge $g$ at two points. We also analyze the Leibnitzian identity between the $g$ and the $1/3$-charge $h$ in the presence of a charge and element of the gauge group.

[12]  faKiv:2104.07748 [pdf]
The Case for Not-So-Good Ideas
Comments: 38 pages. Version to appear in PRD

We argue that although there are many excellent reasons to think that the universe is not expanding, there is no good reason to think that it is accelerating. In this case, the standard arguments for the existence of a cosmological constant or cosmological entropy are invalid. We argue that the standard arguments for the existence of cosmological entropy are invalid in the context of the best available data, which is the cosmological constant or cosmological entropy. Our arguments are based on a simple but powerful framework of the Einstein-Hilbert action applied to cosmologies with a cosmological constant, and a cosmological entropy. We first present our arguments in a simple but powerful manner; then we show that they are invalid in the context of the best available data, which is the cosmological constant or cosmological entropy. We then show that the arguments for the existence of cosmological entropy are invalid in the context of the best available data, which is the cosmological constant or cosmological entropy. Even when the cosmological constant is small, the cosmological constant is not the only cosmological constant. The argument is based on the argument that the standard arguments for the existence of cosmological entropy are invalid in the context of the best available data, which is the cosmological constant or cosmological entropy. We conclude our review with a short review of recent successes in the search for cosmological entropy.

[13]  faKiv:2104.07806 [pdf]
Compactification in higher-spin fields with massless synchronous couplings
Comments: 12 pages, 2 figures

We study compactification effects in the $SU(3)$ Chern-Simons theory of higher-spin fields with massless synchronous couplings, by performing the standard 1/2-Chern-Simons decomposition in terms of the 1/4-Chern-Simons decomposition. In particular, we show that compactification occurs in the continuum limit, and in the case of the $SU(2)$ theory, we show that it coincides with the corresponding $SU(2)$ compactification in the continuum limit. We also show that compactification results in a non-compact, non-compact, compactification-free theory, which is the same as the known $SU(4)$ theory with massless synchronous couplings. Finally, we show that compactification in the $SU(3)$ theory is accompanied by a compactification-free theory which corresponds to the known $SU(4)$ theory with massless synchronous couplings.

[14]  faKiv:2104.07816 [pdf]
The two-point function of the quantum gravity in the presence of a hypothetical void
Comments:

We study the two-point function of the quantum gravity in the presence of a hypothetical void. In particular, we derive the two-point function for the potential of the quantum gravity in the presence of a vacuum of the same type as the void. We then compare our results to the one previously calculated by popularized by Gelfond and Pfaffenbach.

[15]  faKiv:2104.08193 [pdf]
The $R^2$ gauge theory
Comments: 15 pages, 2 figures, title changed

We study the $R^2$ gauge theory with a $SU(2)$ gauge group in the framework of the low-energy limit and derive the equation of state for the vacuum expectation values of the gauge-induced discontinuities. We find that the $R^2$ gauge theory admits two different classes of discontinuities. The first one is the differential-valued-expansion-symmetric one. The second one is the restricted-symmetric-expansion one. In the restricted-symmetric-expansion class, the gauge-induced discontinuities disappear. In this case, we infer the $R^2$ gauge theory in the low-energy limit.

[16]  faKiv:2104.08331 [pdf]
The Higgs mechanism in the presence of a zero-temperature regime
Comments: 8 pages, 1 figure, minor modifications in the text, version to appear in PRD

We study the Higgs mechanism in the presence of a zero-temperature regime and show that the Higgs, asymptotic and weakly coupled scalar field, is driven by a tremendous potential (which we call the Higgs potential) of the scalar field. The structure of the potential is discussed and the Higgs field is considered in the framework of the two-dimensional QCD background and the possibility of the Higgs mechanism in the phase space of QCD background.

[17]  faKiv:2104.08423 [pdf]
A Note on T-duality in the Riemannian Formalism
Comments: 5 pages, 3 figures

We discuss a modified version of the Riemannian field theory that is constructed in the context of the t-duality scheme, which is a BV-like formulation of $S^(T)$ algebra in which dimensions of the form $S_1+S_2$ are given by $T$ and $S^(T)$. In the case of $S^(T)$ as a group of gauge groups, we show that it is the t-duality scheme, rather than the Riemannian formulation, that is the correct formulation. Instead of the usual Riemannian formulation, we show that, under the t-duality mode, the gauge groups are $G_1-G_2$ (where $G_1,G_2,G_3$ are a set of $G_1,G_2,G_3$ and $G_4$ are a set of G_1,G_2,G_3$ and $G_5$) and $G_1,G_2,G_3$, and we obtain the conservation laws (in terms of the t-duality mode) for the group of $G_1,G_2,G_4$ and $G_5$.

[18]  faKiv:2104.08558 [pdf]
Inflationary dynamics of Gauged Malpighi models
Comments: 15 pages, 11 figures, minor modifications, version to appear in Phys. Rev. D

We study the dynamics of Malpighi models in the presence of a background parameter $\varphi$ and its corresponding cosmological constant $\Lambda_c$. We study the time evolution of the gravitational wave spectrum after inflationary epoch. We obtain the non-perturbative value of the scalar fields in the Malpighi model and also determine the uncertainties in the non-perturbative evolution. We find that the uncertainty is proportional to $\sqrt{(\Lambda_c^2/\lambda)}$ and that the calculations of the scalar fields always yield the same non-perturbative value for $\lambda$ and $\Lambda_c$.

[19]  faKiv:2104.08658 [pdf]
The dependence of the density of dark matter on the density of the vacuum state of a particle
Comments:

We study the relation between the density of dark matter and the vacuum state of a particle using the Lorentzian gravity. In particular, we give a formula for the density of dark matter for the vacuum state of a particle as a function of its mass. The formula is expressed in terms of the cosmological constant and the metric. The formula is the same for the vacuum state of a particle without a matter component. The formula is equivalent to the formula obtained for the density of dark matter for the vacuum state of a particle with a matter component.

[20]  faKiv:2104.08757 [pdf]
Torsional quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere
Comments: 17 pages, 5 figures; v2: minor improvements, also includes references

We study the quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere. The theory is defined by a two-dimensional Riemann sphere with a Torsional Quiver gauge group. In the case of two-dimensional Riemann spheres with a Torsional Quiver gauge group, the quiver gauge theory is defined by a three-dimensional Riemann sphere with a Torsional Quiver gauge group. We derive the Torsional Quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere. We study the quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere and show that it is consistent with the quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere. We also derive the quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere and show that it is consistent with the quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere. These results are verified in the case of three-dimensional Riemann spheres with a Torsional Quiver gauge group. We also derive the quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere and show that it is consistent with the quiver gauge theory in the Riemann sphere. These results are verified in the case of four-dimensional Riemann spheres with a Torsional Quiver gauge group.