High-Energy Physics

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[total of 1412 papers, 581 with fulltext]
[1]  faKiv:2103.07279 [pdf]
Torsion and bosonization at 1/n
Comments: 40 pages + appendices

We study the physics of the theory of torsion in $(1,1)$ gauge theory with a generalization of the Einstein's equation for a generic set of $n=1$ particles. The theory is constructed by using the approach of Grover Norquist, and the dynamics is described by a single equation. We show that in the conformal limit, the entanglement entropy of the torsionless theory is the same as that of anisotropic theory, and that the associated temperature is proportional to the square of the entanglement entropy. The energy of the entanglement is given by the application of the Grover Norquist equation to the case of two particles with the same mass and spin. The low energy limit, where the entanglement entropy is proportional to the square of the entanglement entropy of the torsionless theory, is the limit where the entanglement is non-perturbative. The entanglement entropy is expressed in terms of the energy-momentum tensor of the two particles. The thermodynamic relations of the two particles are described by the thermodynamic quantities of the high energy theory. We provide a new approach to the thermodynamics of the torsionless theory in the conformal limit.

[2]  faKiv:2103.07508 [pdf]
Another true global symmetry in the cosmological constant
Comments: 8 pages. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1708.03563

We consider a cosmological constant of mass $M_0$ and $M_1$ in the context of a (contingent) $q$-propagator defined via a finite interval of space-time. It is shown that, in the limit of $M_0 \leq 0$ and $M_1 \leq 1$ (or $M_0 \leq M_1$ and $M_n$), the cosmological constant is in general a constant of mass $M_0$ and $M_1$ and that the $M_0$ and $M_1$ variables are spectral in the same way as the mass and spin of the cosmological constant. It is shown that the mass and spin variables are one and the same.

[3]  faKiv:2103.07549 [pdf]
The reals and physical quantities in the presence of the Higgs
Comments: 12 pages, 5 figures. v5: references updated, isbn added, Pdf format is introduced

In order to understand the behaviour of the Higgs particle under the presence of the Higgs field, it is necessary to understand the apparent duality between the two physical quantities in the presence of the Higgs particle. As such, we study the Higgs state and the state of Higgs matter in the presence of the Higgs field in an adiabatic quantum field theory. The central feature of the Higgs state and Higgs matter is that the Higgs particle is simultaneously considered as the observer and a particle. The latter is considered as an obstacle to the existence of a physical quantity. Furthermore, we find that in the absence of the Higgs particle, the Higgs state is a quantum state in which the Higgs field is not fully realized in the Higgs phase. As a result, the Higgs state does not necessarily involve the Higgs particle. However, the Higgs state is a quantum state in which the Higgs field is fully realized in the Higgs phase. The Higgs particle is also represented as an obstacle to the existence of a physical quantity. Finally, we discuss the physical quantities in the presence of the Higgs field in an adiabatic quantum field theory.

[4]  faKiv:2103.07696 [pdf]
Quasi-local relativity: A description of the Hawking radiation
Comments: 14 pages, version accepted in JHEP

Quasi-local relativity, in which the radiation emitted by a black hole is localized in the local region, is a special case of the Hawking radiation. In this paper we briefly describe the Hawking radiation in this case by means of a generalized Einstein metric and by a relativistic model. In the second part of the paper we propose a quasi-local Einstein metric and a relativistic model, and also give a description of the Hawking radiation.

[5]  faKiv:2103.07742 [pdf]
A Simple Butterfly Puzzle
Comments: 12 pages, 3 figures; minor changes to match version published in JHEP

We consider the butterfly equation on a vector space of a complex scalar field. We show that, in the broadest possible dimensions, the butterfly equation is a simple butterfly equation with no sign of the angle between the vectors. We investigate the butterfly equation in an infinite-dimensional $2$-dimensional vector space and find that it correctly reproduces the Butterfly equation for any cosmological metric.

[6]  faKiv:2103.07762 [pdf]
A non-perturbative method to compute the most basic particles in the QCD theory
Comments: Motivating discussion of non-perturbative methods in QCD theory. References added. Many typos corrected. Version to appear in JHEP

In this paper, we continue our analysis of a non-perturbative method to compute the most basic particles within the QCD theory. We first discuss in linearized form the theoretical properties of the method we propose, and then introduce as an example a physical system in which the particle on the surface is the simplest particle in the theory. We then get the most basic particles in the QCD theory by the method we propose. The proof of the results we derive is based on the use of the statistical method to compute the most basic particles.

[7]  faKiv:2103.07767 [pdf]
Quantum gravity with non-perturbative gravity
Comments: 5 pages, 2 figures

We investigate the relation between quantum gravity and non-perturbative gravity, and give a modest introduction to the general ideas. The standard model is assumed to be a quantum theory of gravity with non-perturbative gravity. We construct a class of non-perturbative gravity models that preserve the non-perturbative covariance, and which have a reduced empirical derivative. We study the physical consequences of the discovery of the non-perturbative covariance.

[8]  faKiv:2103.08162 [pdf]
Magnetization Fields in the AdS$_3$/CFT$_2$ Universe
Comments: 39 pages, 11 figures

In this paper we study the magnetization fields in the non-perturbative AdS$_3$/CFT$_2$ universe. Using the holographic superfield duality, we construct a class of magnetized superfields whose energy density is given by the kinetic energy of the superfields and the electromagnetic energy of the superfields. We show that these fields are a direct product of the AdS$_3$+CFT$_2$ fields and the superfields. In particular, we prove that when the AdS$_3$+CFT$_2$ field is present, the corresponding magnetized superfields are direct products of the AdS$_3$ fields and superfields.

[9]  faKiv:2103.08175 [pdf]
Transformation of the proton-proton mass equation with a weak coupling
Comments: 16 pages, 4 figures

In this paper we construct a transformation of the proton-proton mass equation with a weak coupling scalar field by means of an equation of motion algorithm. We present the results of this equation for the two parameters of the scalar field. We derive the transformation by means of an analytic method. For the proton-proton mass equation we show that it can be transformed only by the results of the proton-proton mass equation.

[10]  faKiv:2103.08208 [pdf]
A new type of quantum gravity
Comments: 20 pages, 18 figures

We propose a new category of quantum gravity theories which are quantum in the sense that are neither classical nor quantum in general. In particular, an increasing number of possible parameters is introduced and the function of the coupling constant can be characterized by a decomposition which is asymptotically equivalent to the Schwartz-Gordon function. A new class of theories with scalar and fermionic components is also proposed.

[11]  faKiv:2103.08223 [pdf]
Simple behavior of the Higgs mechanism in the multiverse
Comments: 18 pages, 2 figures, typos corrected, references added

We investigate the Higgs mechanism in the multiverse in terms of the quantum network models of the heavy-flavored quarks. We show that the Higgs mechanism is initialized on the classical theory, and that the $2k\times 8$ (1+6)$*\text{Higgs}\phi^4$ gauge theory in the multiverse is the simplest model for the Higgs mechanism. We also show that the Higgs mechanism can be explained by the complete unification of the Higgs mechanism in the multiverse.

[12]  faKiv:2103.08300 [pdf]
Determining an infinite-dimensional Fermionic de Sitter space for noncommutative QFTs
Comments: 31 pages plus appendices

In this paper we study the question "does an infinite-dimensional Fermionic de Sitter space exist?" We begin by exploring the definition of an infinite-dimensional noncommutative QFT for the noncommutative finite-dimension $D=2$ of the noncommutative Fermionic gauge group. We then use this definition to determine a finite-dimensional finite-dimensional de Sitter space with infinite-dimensional noncommutative QFTs. We show that such a de Sitter space admits a null-energy condition. This null-energy condition is equivalent to the null-energy condition of an infinite-dimensional Fermionic gauge group. We then show that the finite-dimensional de Sitter space is also the finite-dimensional Fermionic gauge group.

[13]  faKiv:2103.08417 [pdf]
The statistical phase of the post-inflationary phase space of the cosmological constant
Comments: 24 pages, 4 figures, title changed and references updated

The post-inflationary phase space of the cosmological constant is analysed with the help of the statistical phase of the post-inflationary phase space of the cosmological constant. The analysis is performed using the new equation of state (EoS) formula obtained by the new methods. In particular, the EoS formula is derived from the behavior of the statistical phase of the cosmological constant and the EoS formula is obtained from the behavior of the cosmological constant in the post-inflationary phase space of the cosmological constant. The statistical phase is analyzed in the limit of the post-inflationary regime with the help of the statistics of the cosmological constant. The results are compared to the results obtained in the first half of the post-inflationary epoch for the two post-inflationary cases. The results obtained in the second half of the post-inflationary epoch are strengthened by the fact that the statistical phase of the cosmological constant is measured in the perpendicular direction in the direction of the cosmological constant.

[14]  faKiv:2103.08508 [pdf]
A note on the TsT gradient flow in the presence of a background proton
Comments: 15 pages, 11 figures

We study a case when the formalism of the TsT gradient flow (TGF) is extended to the presence of a proton. We first study the TGF flow in the background of a proton, and then we show that, when the proton is located in the direction in which the background proton is moving, the TGF flow can be compressed to the proton location. In this way, the proton is indirectly moved to the background proton. We study the TsT gradient flow in the presence of a proton in two different case: (i) When the proton is located in the direction of the proton's motion, and (ii) When the proton is located in the direction of the proton's motion, and we find that the proton is compressed to the proton location.

[15]  faKiv:2103.08510 [pdf]
Monopole calculus and the Higgs mechanism in the quantum chromodynamics
Comments: 14 pages, 6 figures

We describe a monopole calculus for the Higgs mechanism. It is shown that the Higgs mechanism is the monopole of the Higgs field theory in the Higgs space. We also show that the Higgs mechanism can be eliminated in the quantum chromodynamics by a method similar to the Higgs model.

[16]  faKiv:2103.08565 [pdf]
A direct link between a state-dependent affine metric and the kinetic term of a particle
Comments: 15 pages, 3 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1606.06010

We consider a direct link between a state-dependent affine metric and the kinetic term of a particle, which is a consequence of the kinetic term of a geometrical unitary Hamiltonian. The affine metric has a direct-current-voltage-momentum property with respect to the velocity of the particle. We show that the direct-current-voltage-momentum properties of the affine geometrical metric can be regarded as the energy-momentum of a particle. We determine the kinetic term of a particle in the kinetic term of the affine metric. We find a direct-current-voltage-momentum formula, which determines the energy-momentum of a particle.

[17]  faKiv:2103.08656 [pdf]
Anomalous quantum bulk vacuum in the presence of a magnetic field
Comments:

In this paper we investigate the bulk vacuum of a system of antipodal quantum gravity, in the presence of a magnetic field. For this purpose, we introduce a novel approximation formula for the quantum bulk vacuum and compute it in the presence of a magnetic field. In particular, we compute the quark and lepton mass in the absence of a magnetic field. We prove that this approximation formula shows that the quark mass is proportional to the squared mass of the lepton mass, which is a function of the particle radius. The result is that the quark mass is proportional to the squared mass of the lepton mass, which is a function of the quark radius. Also, for a large quark mass, the proportionality holds even when the quark radius is small.

[18]  faKiv:2103.08782 [pdf]
Non-perturbative approach to the Weyl-Fujikawa equation in a cosmological background
Comments: 32 pages, 6 figures

We study a perturbative approach to solving the Weyl-Fujikawa equation (WFDE) in the cosmological background of a $2+1$-dimensional $AdS$-like Einstein-Hilbert model with a non-perturbative causal structure. The non-perturbative approach is a simple, non-perturbative formulation of the weyl-Fujikawa equation in a hydrodynamic approximation. We first investigate the perturbative parameter which is normally determined by the Weyl-Fujikawa equation. It is shown that our perturbative approach is equivalent to the perturbative approach in the hydrodynamic approximation. We comment on the implications of our results for the interpretation of the Higgs-Dirac equation in the cosmological background.

[19]  faKiv:2103.08827 [pdf]
The Glissand-de Rham Conjectures
Comments: 50 pages, 5 figures

We consider the relationship between the Glissand-de Rham (GD) conditions and the Glissand-Quelle (GL) conditions of the Yang-Mills (YangM) geometry for F-theory on the Gl/Q-plane in terms of a de Rham-Mellin CFT. We derive the intersection subgroup of the de Rham-Mellin group and show that its GL condition is equivalent to the GD condition in terms of the (DG) condition. This implies that the latter is a gauge theory of the de Rham group, and hence the de Rham-GL or de Rham-QFT conditions are equivalent.

[20]  faKiv:2103.08835 [pdf]
Unwinding the Black Hole Entropy in a Noncommutative Space
Comments: 16 pages, 4 figures, v4: refs added

We consider a noncommutative space in which the positivity condition is violated, but the cosmological constant (Coulomb degree of freedom) is precisely equal to the Planck mass. The entropy of the black hole is investigated in this noncommutative space. We find that the black hole entropy is equivalent to the kinetic term of the black hole. We also discuss the relation between the black hole entropy and the entropy of the observer. We find that the black hole entropy is proportional to the entropy of the observer.